In July 2018, Iran filed an application before the International Court of Justice, the judicial body of the United Nations, to challenge the lawfulness of the US decision, following the Presidential Memorandum of 8 May 2018, to reintroduce the restrictive measures - the "toughest sanctions in history" according to the former US Secretary of State - that had been lifted after the JCPOA.
In response, the United States raised preliminary objections to challenge the Court's jurisdiction to hear the Iranian claims as well as the admissibility of those claims. These preliminary objections were the subject of hearings held between 14 and 21 September 2021, during which our partner Jean-Marc Thouvenin defended Iran's position alongside Iran’s Agent, Mr. Hamidreza Oloumiyazdi, Professors Alain Pellet and Vaughan Lowe and QC Samuel Wordsworth.
On 3 February 2021, the International Court of Justice issued its judgment, which rejected in their entirety the preliminary objections of the United States and opened the way for an examination on the merits of the Iranian claims.
Sygna Partners' team, “cabinet conseil” of Iran in this case, was composed of Jean-Marc Thouvenin, partner, assisted by Luke Vidal, partner, and Lefa Mondon, lawyer.